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Difference between OOAQ, QASLPA and Union

Association, Professional order and Union

Professional order

The professional order has been created by the State within a legislative context. Its mission was decided by the Professional code: to protect the public. Membership is compulsory for professionals to keep their title and to be able to carry on reserved acts of their profession. Every professional order is subject to the Law on lobbying. All 46 professional order of the province of Quebec, regrouping 51 regulated professions and more than 347 000 professionals, have the same mission. Law and regulations govern Activities of a professional order. Members of the order have thus only limited powers in general assembly. Our order engages in professional practice evaluation and peered-evaluated professional competence using identical bodies as other professional orders such as : admission, professional inspection and trustee among others. Our professional order also helps improving the quality of life of the general population in engaging in public issues and by elaborating informational and training activities.


The association exists by the will of its members and was created to protect their interests. Among the association, members have more powers. Membership is optional, which has a major impact on operational budget and actions undertaken by the organization. Indeed, the association can work on different issues such as the recognition of the work done by its members, the creation of tools for supporting private practice, or sharing information among different groups. It can also conjugate its actions to those of unions in national issues such as pay equity.


The Union is an organization whose solely mission is to defend the interests and rights of its workers from from different professions. The Union negotiates collective agreements. It is active in issues such as pay equity, work conditions, employment relationships, health and security in work places, group insurance plan, retirement fund, etc.

Free translation from French, seen in : Fréquences, vol 22, n°2, été 2011, Les traumatismes crânio-cérébraux, p.9

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