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Vocabulary

Tinnitus :

Tinnitus is characterized by the perception of a sound by oneself without any real external sound stimulation. Tinnitus can be present in only one or in both ears. It appears more frequently as a high-pitched sound, closed to a whistling or a buzzing. It is steady or intermittent and its intensity can vary depending on multiple factors such as fatigue and stress.

It is suggested to see an ENT or an audiologist when tinnitus appears. It is most of the time inoffensive but could be a symptom of a medical condition.

Vertigos :

Vertigos are a vestibular disorder which changes one’s perception of space. Their manifestations are usually dizziness, nausea and loss of balance. Depending on what is causing the vertigos, their length can vary within seconds to several days. There are more than one ex isting cause of vertigo; among others, Ménière’s disease, vestibulocochlear labyrinthitis or Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV).
When vertigos appear, it is recommended to see an ENT or an audiologist to assess cause and appropriate solutions.

Hearing loss or Hearing impairment :

Hearing loss is the inability to ear or the partial loss of the capacity to ear. It can be caused by a lesion or a functionnal issue of the external, middle or internal ear. It can also be caused by a lesion in the central auditory system (for example an auditory nerve issue). Depending of the lesion site, the hearing loss can be defined as conductive, sensory-neural or mixt. It can also be of different degrees (from very mild to profound).

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