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Vocabulary

Aphasia:

Aphasia is a communication disorder that often occurs following a cerebrovascular accident (stroke) or a brain injury, but can also be develop in people with dementia (eg Alzheimer’s disease) or degenerative disease (eg multiple sclerosis, corticobasal degeneration base, primary progressive aphasia, etc..). Its main manifestation in a an individual is the constant “search for his words”, which results in a conversation that is “difficult to follow.”

Articulation:

The articulation refers to all motor processes involved in speech. A joint disorder is characterized by an atypical or imprecise production of one or more sounds (eg an interdental lisp).

Dysarthria:

Dysarthria is a speech disorder. An individual with dysarthria will have difficulty pronouncing or binding all speech sounds. This difficulty is due to muscle weakness, excessive muscle tension or difficulty in movement control by the brain. Dysarthria may occur due to cerebral vascular accident (stroke), head injury and degenerative disease (eg multiple sclerosis, corticobasal degeneration, Parkinson’s, etc..).

Dyslexia:

Dyslexia is a specific neurobiological disorder of written language that causes significant difficulties in reading words accurately and fluently. In individual with dyslexia, reading is inaccurate and often slow. The reading impairment usually persists over time and cannot be explained by another disability.

Dysphasia:

dysphasia, or primary persistent language disorder, is a neurological disorder that is characterized by impairment in the level of expression of a language or in both sphere, the expression and the understanding of a language. These impairments affect more than one component of language: phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Dysphasia is characterized by its persistence over time. There probability of improvement without intervention is low. Dysphasia can coexist with other disabilities or disorders, but cannot be explained by them.

Dysphonia:

Dysphonia is a voice disorder. A person who has dysphonia may for example feel that her voice is “not strong enough”, “is not as clear as before” or that “breaks”. A feeling of “lump in the throat” may also be present. In some cases, the person will report that he cannot use his voice as much as she would like (eg a teacher or a singer).

Dyspraxia:

Verbal Dyspraxia is a neurological disorder in origin affecting the planning and programming of speech movements and verbal sequences. This disorder is characterized by errors in speech production, in particular the transformation of sounds and impaired prosody (rate too fast or too slow, improper intonation). Neuromuscular deficit cannot explain dyspraxia.

Laryngectomy:

The laryngectomy is an operation that aims to remove the larynx (adam apple) in people who are diagnosed with throat cancer. This occurs when the tumor is too widespread or there is sufficient risk that the tumor might grow.
Dysphagia: Dysphagia is the difficulty in carrying saliva, liquids, solids or medications from the mouth to the stomach. Dysphagia may, among other things, manifest by coughing or by a blocking sensation of food in the throat during meals. There are many causes dysphagia, such as stroke (stroke), lung disease (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease / COPD), degenerative diseases (eg Parkinson’s), brain injuries and dementia (eg: Alzheimer Disease).

Stuttering:

Stuttering is a motor speech disorder of genetic origin that is characterized by repetitions, prolongations or unintentional blocking sounds, syllables or words. It is often accompanied by muscle tension and associated movements. Stuttering affects approximately 5% of children and 1% of adults.

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